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The Ultimate Guide to Pencak Silat Techniques PDF 120 by Guru Besar Jerry Jacobs





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Pencak Silat Techniques PDF 120: A Comprehensive Guide




If you are interested in learning a martial art that combines physical, mental, and spiritual aspects, you might want to consider Pencak Silat. Pencak Silat is a term that encompasses various styles and schools of indigenous martial arts from Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, and other parts of Southeast Asia. In this article, we will provide you with a comprehensive guide on what Pencak Silat is, what are its basic techniques, and how you can learn them online through PDF files.




pencak silat techniques pdf 120



What is Pencak Silat?




Pencak Silat is a generic term that refers to hundreds of different styles and systems of martial arts that originated and developed in the Malay Archipelago. The word pencak means "movement" or "art", while silat means "fighting" or "skill". Together, they imply the art of fighting with skillful movements.


The history and origin of Pencak Silat




The exact origin of Pencak Silat is unknown, but it is believed to have evolved from various sources, such as animal movements, tribal warfare, spiritual practices, cultural influences, and environmental adaptations. Some historians trace the roots of Pencak Silat to the Hindu-Buddhist kingdoms that ruled the region from the 7th to the 14th centuries, while others suggest that it predates them and was influenced by animism and shamanism. Regardless of its origin, Pencak Silat has been an integral part of the Malay culture and identity for centuries, serving as a means of self-defense, social bonding, artistic expression, and spiritual development.


The main styles and schools of Pencak Silat




As mentioned earlier, there are hundreds of different styles and schools of Pencak Silat, each with its own characteristics, principles, techniques, and traditions. However, some general classifications can be made based on the geographic regions where they originated or are practiced. For example:



  • Sumatra: The styles from this island tend to emphasize low stances, circular movements, evasion tactics, and joint locks. Some examples are Silek Minangkabau, Silek Harimau (Tiger Style), Silek Lintau, and Silek Tuo.



  • Java: The styles from this island tend to emphasize high stances, linear movements, striking techniques, and weapons. Some examples are Cimande, Cikalong, Serak, Betawi (Jakarta Style), and Perisai Diri.



  • Bali: The styles from this island tend to emphasize flexibility, agility, acrobatics, and ritual aspects. Some examples are Pencak Silat Bali, Pencak Silat Tenaga Dasar, and Pencak Silat Madi.



  • Kalimantan (Borneo): The styles from this island tend to emphasize animal movements, stealth, and survival skills. Some examples are Pencak Silat Banjar, Pencak Silat Dayak, and Pencak Silat Madura.



  • Sulawesi: The styles from this island tend to emphasize speed, power, and simplicity. Some examples are Pencak Silat Bugis, Pencak Silat Makassar, and Pencak Silat Mandar.



  • Malaysia: The styles from this country tend to emphasize harmony, balance, and grace. Some examples are Silat Seni Gayong, Silat Cekak, Silat Melayu, and Silat Lincah.



  • Singapore: The styles from this country tend to emphasize modernization, adaptation, and integration. Some examples are Silat Gayong Singapore, Silat Bakti Negara, and Silat Sendeng.



Of course, these are not the only styles and schools of Pencak Silat, and there are many variations and sub-styles within each category. Moreover, some styles and schools have spread beyond their original regions and have influenced or been influenced by other styles and schools. Therefore, it is impossible to list all the styles and schools of Pencak Silat in this article.


The benefits and goals of Pencak Silat




Pencak Silat is not just a martial art, but also a way of life that encompasses physical, mental, and spiritual aspects. By practicing Pencak Silat, one can gain various benefits and achieve various goals, such as:



  • Self-defense: Pencak Silat teaches one how to protect oneself and others from harm using various techniques, such as strikes, kicks, locks, throws, sweeps, and weapons. Pencak Silat also teaches one how to avoid or escape from dangerous situations using awareness, evasion, deception, and diplomacy.



  • Fitness: Pencak Silat improves one's physical health and fitness by enhancing strength, endurance, flexibility, coordination, balance, agility, and reflexes. Pencak Silat also promotes proper breathing, posture, and movement that prevent injuries and illnesses.



  • Confidence: Pencak Silat boosts one's self-confidence and self-esteem by developing one's skills, abilities, and character. Pencak Silat also fosters respect, discipline, humility, courage, and perseverance that help one overcome challenges and achieve goals.



What are the basic techniques of Pencak Silat?




Pencak Silat is a martial art that involves various techniques that can be classified into four main categories: stance and movement, hand and arm techniques, foot and leg techniques, and weapons. These techniques are not fixed or rigid, but rather flexible and adaptable to different situations and opponents. Let's take a look at each category in more detail.


The stance and movement of Pencak Silat




The stance and movement of Pencak Silat are the foundation of all other techniques. They determine how one positions oneself, how one moves from one point to another, how one balances oneself, and how one reacts to external forces. The stance and movement of Pencak Silat are influenced by various factors, such as the style or school of Pencak Silat, the terrain or environment, the distance or range, and the intention or strategy.


Generally speaking, there are two types of stances in Pencak Silat: high stance and low stance. High stance is when one stands upright with the feet shoulder-width apart and the knees slightly bent. Low stance is when one lowers the body closer to the ground with the feet wider apart and the knees more bent. High stance allows for more mobility and agility, while low stance allows for more stability and power. Depending on the situation and preference, one can switch between high stance and low stance as needed.


As for movement, there are two basic principles in Pencak Silat: triangular movement and circular movement. Triangular movement is when one moves along the sides or corners of a triangle, creating angles and directions that can confuse or surprise the opponent. Circular movement is when one moves along the circumference or radius of a circle, creating curves and rotations that can evade or deflect the opponent's attacks. Depending on the situation and preference, one can combine triangular movement and circular movement as needed.


The hand and arm techniques of Pencak Silat




The hand and arm techniques of Pencak Silat are the most versatile and diverse techniques in Pencak Silat. They can be used for various purposes, such as striking, blocking, locking, throwing, grabbing, pushing, pulling, pinching, poking, slicing, chopping, clawing, slapping, punching, elbowing, and so on. The hand and arm techniques of Pencak Silat are influenced by various factors, such as the style or school of Pencak Silat, the target or area of attack, the force or intensity of attack, and the timing or rhythm of attack.


or elbow to strike or manipulate the opponent. Depending on the situation and preference, one can switch between open hand techniques and closed hand techniques as needed.


As for the target, there are three main areas of attack in Pencak Silat: head, body, and legs. The head is the most vulnerable and vital area of the opponent, but also the most protected and defended. The body is the largest and most exposed area of the opponent, but also the most resilient and adaptable. The legs are the most distant and mobile area of the opponent, but also the most stable and supportive. Depending on the situation and preference, one can aim for any area of attack as needed.


The foot and leg techniques of Pencak Silat




The foot and leg techniques of Pencak Silat are the most powerful and effective techniques in Pencak Silat. They can be used for various purposes, such as striking, blocking, locking, throwing, sweeping, tripping, kicking, kneeing, stomping, and so on. The foot and leg techniques of Pencak Silat are influenced by various factors, such as the style or school of Pencak Silat, the target or area of attack, the force or intensity of attack, and the timing or rhythm of attack.


Generally speaking, there are two types of foot and leg techniques in Pencak Silat: low kicks and high kicks. Low kicks are when one uses the toes, ball, edge, heel, or sole of the foot to strike or manipulate the opponent's lower body, such as the ankles, shins, knees, thighs, or groin. High kicks are when one uses the toes, ball, edge, heel, or sole of the foot to strike or manipulate the opponent's upper body, such as the chest, stomach, ribs, back, neck, or head. Depending on the situation and preference, one can switch between low kicks and high kicks as needed.


As for the target, there are three main areas of attack in Pencak Silat: head, body, and legs. The same principles that apply to hand and arm techniques also apply to foot and leg techniques. However, some targets may be more difficult or risky to reach with foot and leg techniques than with hand and arm techniques. For example, kicking the head may require more flexibility and balance than punching the head. Therefore, one should consider the advantages and disadvantages of each technique before using it.


The sickle kick technique of Pencak Silat




, such as striking, blocking, locking, throwing, sweeping, or tripping. The sickle kick technique can also be combined with other techniques, such as hand and arm techniques or weapons. The sickle kick technique is one of the most distinctive and characteristic techniques of Pencak Silat.


According to a research paper by Ramdani Amrullah and Firmansyah Dlis from Jakarta State University, the sickle kick technique can be improved by using a model of training based on exercise media in students pencak silat athletes. The exercise media consists of a wooden pole with a rope attached to it that can be used to practice the sickle kick technique with different levels of resistance and feedback. The research paper claims that this model of training can enhance the skills and abilities of the sickle kick technique in terms of speed, power, accuracy, and coordination.


How to learn Pencak Silat techniques online?




In the modern era, learning Pencak Silat techniques online has become more accessible and convenient than ever before. Thanks to the internet and technology, one can learn Pencak Silat techniques online through various resources, such as PDF files, videos, websites, blogs, podcasts, ebooks, courses, and so on. However, learning Pencak Silat techniques online also has its advantages and disadvantages that one should be aware of before choosing this method of learning.


The advantages and disadvantages of online learning




Some of the advantages of learning Pencak Silat techniques online are:



  • Flexibility: One can learn Pencak Silat techniques online at any time and place that suits one's schedule and preference. One can also learn at one's own pace and level without being pressured or limited by others.



  • Variety: One can access a wide range of Pencak Silat techniques online from different styles and schools of Pencak Silat. One can also compare and contrast different techniques and learn from different perspectives and sources.



  • Affordability: One can save money and resources by learning Pencak Silat techniques online without having to pay for fees, transportation, equipment, or facilities. One can also find many free or low-cost resources online that offer quality content and instruction.



Some of the disadvantages of learning Pencak Silat techniques online are:



  • Lack of feedback: One may not receive enough feedback or guidance from instructors or peers when learning Pencak Silat techniques online. One may also not be able to correct one's mistakes or improve one's performance without proper feedback or supervision.



  • Lack of interaction: One may not experience enough interaction or socialization with other practitioners or enthusiasts when learning Pencak Silat techniques online. One may also miss out on the cultural and spiritual aspects of Pencak Silat that are often transmitted through personal contact and communication.



, flexibility, coordination, balance, agility, reflexes, confidence, discipline, humility, courage, perseverance, respect, and so on.


Therefore, one should weigh the pros and cons of learning Pencak Silat techniques online before deciding whether this method of learning is suitable or not for one's goals and needs.


The best online resources for Pencak Silat techniques




There are many online resources that offer Pencak Silat techniques in various formats and qualities. However, some of the best online resources that we recommend are the following PDF files that provide comprehensive and detailed information and instruction on Pencak Silat techniques. These PDF files are:


Illustration Book of Pencak Silat Technique "Jago Silat"




This PDF file is a design of print media for exercise techniques and basic movement of Pencak Silat with augmented reality features. It is a final project of Esa Unggul University student Haekal Mahbub Firdaus, who combined a martial arts illustration book with simple augmented reality features using the ARTIVIVE application. This PDF file contains 120 pages of illustrations and explanations of various Pencak Silat techniques, such as stance, movement, hand and arm techniques, foot and leg techniques, and weapons. It also allows the reader to scan the pages with the ARTIVIVE application and see the techniques in action through videos and animations. This PDF file is a great resource for anyone who wants to learn Pencak Silat techniques in a visual and interactive way.


Model of sickle kick pencak silat training based on exercise media in students pencak silat athletes




This PDF file is a research paper by Ramdani Amrullah and Firmansyah Dlis from Jakarta State University that proposes a model of sickle kick pencak silat training based on exercise media in students pencak silat athletes. It is based on a mixed methods research approach that combines qualitative and quantitative methods. This PDF file contains 14 pages of background information, literature review, research methods, research results, discussion, conclusion, and references on the sickle kick technique of Pencak Silat. It also provides a model of training that uses a wooden pole with a rope attached to it as an exercise media to improve the skills and abilities of the sickle kick technique. This PDF file is a great resource for anyone who wants to learn more about the sickle kick technique of Pencak Silat and how to train it effectively.


Pencak Silat Guide PDF




eris: A sword with a straight or slightly curved blade that can be used for slashing, thrusting, or parrying. The keris is considered a noble weapon that symbolizes honor and dignity.


  • Tongkat: A stick or staff that can be used for striking, blocking, locking, or throwing. The tongkat is considered a simple weapon that symbolizes wisdom and humility.



  • Sarong: A cloth or scarf that can be used for wrapping, trapping, choking, or whipping. The sarong is considered a flexible weapon that symbolizes creativity and adaptability.



How long does it take to learn Pencak Silat?


  • The answer to this question depends on various factors, such as the style or school of Pencak Silat, the frequency and intensity of training, the quality and quantity of instruction, the personal goals and motivation of the learner, and the individual differences and abilities of the learner. However, a general estimate is that it takes at least a few years to learn the basic techniques of Pencak Silat, and at least a decade to master the advanced techniques of Pencak Silat. Of course, learning Pencak Silat is a lifelong journey that never ends.



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