Buy A Server For Home
Different server computers are used for different tasks. Whether a server is storing media files accessible over a home network, or used for enterprise database management, knowing which type of server system best suits your home or business network saves money when it comes time to buy a server.
buy a server for home
Why would you need a server in the first place? As the number of endpoints grows beyond five or ten users, the peer-to-peer network model wherein computers communicate through the router eventually becomes inefficient and bottlenecked. A few tell-tale signs that you need a dedicated server include:
So-called cloud servers offer leased data storage and computing resources that companies might buy in lieu of server hardware. This is ideal for a very small business or a casual home user without any server management know-how. As a company scales up it usually makes financial sense to deploy physical servers, hiring in-house (or outsourced) server management personnel, and perhaps utilizing cloud servers for redundancy or part of a backup plan.
A businesses server stores all the files, applications, operating systems, programs, and peripherals accessible to computers on an office network. IT administrators use server software to manage user access by way of credentials or authentication information. A Web server faces the Internet, and makes available data, content and applications beyond the physical local area network (LAN).
Just a few years ago, one server typically handled a one task for office IT. One provided user credentials for accessing a database; another dedicated server managed the sending and receiving of e-mails; a different server was used for distributing Windows, another server for hosting a Web domain, and so forth.
This might still be standard practice at a small business, but server management has changed drastically for larger companies within the past decade. Now, medium and large organizations can save on server hardware costs by consolidating infrastructure onto one or a few enterprise servers.
The basic component structure of a server is similar to that of a PC. Since most servers are meant for 24/7 operation; and servers for virtualization have powerful, multi-core processors and expansive disk space to handle a heavier computing load and data storage, server components are more robust.
Servers for virtualization have motherboards with LGA 2011-3 sockets that support larger CPUs with the X99 chipset (Intel Xeon E5 and Intel Core i7 X-series processors, for example) that have multiple cores and threads for running virtual machines. AMD server CPUs have their own socket types and are not compatible with Intel. Some motherboards have dual CPU sockets to add processor redundancy for 24/7 uptime.
When you talk about scalability in servers, one huge consideration is the number slots in the motherboard. The more slots there are, the more room there is for expansion. Different types of slots include DIMM slots for RAM, and PCI-e slots for graphics cards and next-generation solid-state storage drives. Server Memory Many servers use Error Correcting Code memory, or ECC DRAM, that adds tolerance for data corruption. ECC DRAM is not compatible with motherboard DIMM slots used for standard DDR4 PC memory.
The number of cores and threads dictates performance for server CPUs. Clock speed, measured in GHz, plays a role in how fast the processor executes instructions, but in terms of functionality for modern servers, frequency does not gauge performance as much. A larger amount of cache memory boosts performance: the cache stores frequently accessed data for faster recall, which speeds up server performance in many situations.
Budget-level dedicated servers and NAS typically have a low-power dual- or quad-core processor (Intel Core i3) typically found in PCs; more expensive servers have CPUs capable of greater processing power are more common in large tower servers and rack models.
Every server is meant for network use. Bandwidth considerations are important; inadequate networking components will sap performance for the system. For virtualized servers, a dual-port or quad-port network interface card (NIC) is recommended for greater connectivity, and a 10 gigabit (Gbe) NIC boosts performance for environments with an increased number of end users.
Enterprise hard drives have built in fault tolerance and a faster interface (SAS) than those in consumer drives (SATA) SAS drives have a premium price point. Make sure to note compatibility when you buy storage drives, as SATA and SAS drives are not interchangeable. Other interfaces for server storage include USB 3.0 for external drive connections, and Thunderbolt, the high-speed Apple interface.
Medium and large companies usually store IT infrastructure in server racks. Rack servers have chasses designed for stacking vertically in server racks. Size measurements for standard rack servers are designated by units starting at 1U, which has a width of 19 inches and 1.75 inches in height. Servers range from 1U-4U. The standard height for a server enclosure is 42U tall.
In most cases a home server is used for storing digital media and streaming files to devices connected on a home network, and offers a so-called private cloud solution for home users to store files accessible from beyond the network. This is typically done with a NAS or single use server that sits on a home network. NAS servers have simple graphical user interface (GUI) operating systems proprietary to the manufacturer; there are open source options like FreeNAS which are popular.
Windows Storage Server offers value for a SMB user that uses a file server in a professional capacity for the use-as-needed Microsoft support that comes with the management software. It also supports streaming media to Xbox 360 and other digital display devices that can access a home network.
And besides, if you create your own server, there are some cool things you can do with it. If you're thinking about building a personal server of any kind, keep reading to learn more about the benefits.
If you were so inclined, you could go and spend several thousand dollars on market-leading equipment to make your own server. And after the upfront costs, the ongoing electricity costs for all the units and cooling equipment would be significant.
Of course, the trade-off when using old or cheap equipment is performance. Companies like Google and Microsoft host their cloud services on servers that can handle billions of queries every day.
Your 10-year-old laptop can't come close to that level of performance. If you only want to be able to access a few files remotely, it might suffice. But if you want your personal web server to act as a central hub for your whole family or small business, you might find that you still need to invest in dedicated hardware.
If you want to be able to access all your local media on any device in your house, a server is one of the best solutions. To make the process even easier, you can use a service like Plex, Kodi, or Emby to manage your media and control playback.
Plex and Emby will even let you access your content on your server when you're away from home with just a few simple clicks. Setting up Kodi for the same purpose is possible, but significantly more complicated to achieve.
The total cost of your server depends on your cost per kilowatt of energy. Check with your energy provider to see how much you pay before considering hardware. Remember that your hardware also plays a role.
Consider buying a measurement device, like a Kill-a-Watt, to measure the actual power consumption of your server. Multiply the number of watts by the days in your billing period by the cost per kW to see how much your server costs:
As for your other questions, the article I quoted above may be useful for you as we do a more thorough breakdown of renting vs. owning a server. Obviously, as a server provider, we wholeheartedly see the value in a rented server for most applications. But I encourage you to book a consultation with us and we can go over the full range of options with you: -consultation.htm
Are you looking for a central place to store all your pictures and movies? Or do you want a place to learn new IT skills? And what about your smart home? A home server can be used in many different scenarios and can be a great addition to your home network.
When we talk about a home server most people are concerned about the power consumption, or noise that it makes. But that is really no need for that. These days you can build your own home server for around $500 that consumes only 10 watts when running idle.
When we talk about a home server we are not necessarily talking about a big enterprise-grade server that you use at home. A home server can be any computing device that is used for central (cloud) storage, backups, serving media files, surveillance, etc in a home environment.
Files are getting bigger and bigger, and we all want to keep our photos, videos, and other files as long as possible. When you have a server at home then it makes perfect sense to centrally store your data on the server.
The problem in every household is that data is scattered over different computers and external drives. By consolidating them into one location on a home file server, everybody can easily access the files, and you can better protect your data.
One of the advantages of cloud storage is that you can access your data from anywhere in the world, even from your mobile phone. With a home cloud server, you can get the same features as with other cloud solutions, only based on your own storage.
There are different solutions available for storing data centrally. If you are using a Synology NAS then you can use the built-in features to make network shares and access your data remotely. Other good options to make a home cloud server are:
The most common use case for a home server is to use it for streaming media. With a home media server, you can watch movies directly on your Smart TV, mobile phone, or computer from your own library. Besides movies, you can also stream music from your home media server. 041b061a72